Putnam Investments is an active, research-driven manager which provides specialist products tailored to investment styles (growth, value, income), fiscal requirements (taxable, tax-free), regional allocation, risk, diversification, or time horizon.The firm is a long-term, value-oriented, conservative manager which focuses on consistent results and follows a bottom-up approach to select equities. They invest across all major equity and fixed-income asset classes, and offer products across the spectrum of traditional long-only, quantitative, and alternative strategies.Putnam Investments conducts regular company visits, seeking to invest in companies with a reasonable p/e ratio, sound business models, a steady revenue stream and some pricing power. Quantitative analysis involves modelling future performances based on past trends. Regional considerations include the political, economic, and interest rate outlook of each country. Sectorial analysis integrates the short and long-term factors influencing industry, and the credit worthiness of security issuers.