Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

President of Turkey

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

President of Turkey


Recep Tayyip Erdogan
Prime Minister, Republic of Turkey

Recep Tayyip Erdogan became prime minister of Turkey on 14 March 2003, five days after winning a by-election in the province of Siirt. The leader of the Justice and Development Party (AKP), Erdogan took over the prime minister's post from his party deputy, Abdullah Gul, who headed the government following the AKP's landslide victory in the November 2002 elections.

Erdogan was born in Rize in northern Turkey on 26 February 1954. He moved with his family to Istanbul in 1967, where he later graduated from Marmara University's College of Business with a degree in management.

Erdogan was elected to a four-year term as mayor of Istanbul in 1994, as a candidate from Necmettin Erbakan's Welfare party. As mayor, Erdogan was credited by the public for improving services, as well as for making the city greener and cleaner. The Constitutional Court banned the Welfare party in 1998 and Erdogan joined the Virtue party, which emerged from the ashes of its outlawed predecessor. Later that year, a court convicted him for inciting religious hatred and sentenced him to ten months in prison, of which he served four months in 1999.

In 2001, the Virtue party was also banned for violating secular laws, and Erdogan formed the AKP in August 2001 to lead it to its triumph in the November 2002 elections.

Although Erdogan was the most popular politician in Turkey at the time of the vote, he was constitutionally barred from running for public office, and thus could not win the parliamentary seat he needed in order to become prime minister. Having won almost 35 per cent of the vote, the AKP was able to form a government on its own as well as gain a comfortable parliamentary majority. Soon after the legislature was in place, AKP lawmakers amended the constitution, clearing Erdogan's path to the prime minister's seat.

Addressing concerns in and outside Turkey that the ascent into power of a party with Islamist roots could pose a threat to the secularist establishment, Erdogan and other party leaders insisted the AKP had no secret religious agenda, and espoused a pro-Western conservative programme. Erdogan identified Turkey's EU entry as a top priority, pledging reforms to make Turkey more democratic and pluralist and bring it in line with the Union's membership criteria. He also vowed commitment to a strict IMF-backed programme to deal with the economic crisis that hit Turkey in 2001.

Two days after Erdogan won his parliamentary seat, Gul resigned to make room for the AKP leader, who was already widely regarded as the country's actual leader.

Turkish President Ahmet Necdet Sezer approved the new cabinet proposed by Erdogan and appointed him prime minister.

Erdogan is married and has four children.

Career Highlights

Justice and Development Party (Turkey)

RelSci Relationships


Number of Boards



02/26/1954 - Rize, Turkey



Number of Awards


RelSci Relationships are individuals Recep Tayyip Erdoğan likely has professional access to. A relationship does not necessarily indicate a personal connection.

Former President of United States

Relationship likelihood: Strong

Prime Minister of Turkey

Relationship likelihood: Strong

Relationship likelihood: Strong

Minister of National Defense at Government of Turkey

Relationship likelihood: Strong

Interior Minister at Government of Turkey

Relationship likelihood: Strong

Minister of Labour & Social Security at Government of Turkey

Relationship likelihood: Strong

Minister, Trade of Turkey at Government of Turkey

Relationship likelihood: Strong

Ambassador to United Nations at Government of Turkey

Relationship likelihood: Strong

Former Minister of Economic Affairs at Government of Turkey

Relationship likelihood: Strong

Former Interior Minister at Government of Turkey

Relationship likelihood: Strong

Paths to Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Potential Connections via
Relationship Science
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
President of Turkey
Family Members
Former Chief Executive Officer & Director at Çalik Holding AS

Çalik Holding AS manages and coordinates the activities of its subsidiaries. It operates through the following segments: Energy, Construction, Textile, Marketing, Telecommunication, Banking and Finance, and Other. The Energy segment involves in the sale of electricity; operation of natural gas and crude oil resources; exploration and production of resources; and sale and transportation of resources to international markets. The Construction segment operates in construction, contracting, and decoration businesses. The Textile segment produces and trades yarn, texture, and ready wear products. The Marketing segment supplies goods that are used in the production and the domestic or foreign projects carried out mainly by the group entities. The Telecommunication segment provides communication, press, and internet services. The Banking and Finance segment offers commercial and investment banking, financial leasing, insurance, project financing trading of marketable securities, and credit financial services. The Other segment includes electronic fee collection, organization, mining, and transportation energy license procurement. The company was founded by Ahmet Çalik on March 20, 1997 and is headquartered in Istanbul, Turkey.

Graduate, Faculty of Economics & Commercial Sciences

Marmara University is one of the oldest educational institutions in Turkey. Established on 16 January, 1883 under the name Hamidiye Ticaret Mekteb-i lisi, and affiliated with the Commercial, Agriculture, Forestry and Mining industry, Marmara University began its life in a house behind the Istanbul High School for Girls in Caolu. The first graduates (13 people) matriculated in 1887. On 21 September, 1889 the school was affiliated with the Education Ministry; in 1893 the school was closed, with the idea that it would be reformed and reopened in the near future. On 15 October, 1897 the school, still affiliated with the Education Ministry, was reopened; from this date on the university has provided education. The institution became known as the Istanbul Economic and Commercial Sciences Academy in 1959; in 1982, with regulations that were carried out, the institute became officially known as Marmara University and took its place among Turkish Institutes of Higher Education. In the 1982 - 1983 academic year, education began at Marmara University, which consisted of 9 faculties, 1 school, 1 institute. Today, the number of faculties is 16, the number of schools is 9, and there are 11 institutes. The number of currently operating associate and degree courses at the university is 199. Close to 3,000 academic staff and more than 70,000 students are making contributions to Marmara University's academic activities today, making it one of the most important institutes of higher education in Turkey. In the academic faculties, including the Economics Faculty, Business Faculty,Faculty of Fine Arts, Political Sciences Faculty, Engineering Faculty, Medicine Faculty, Dentistry Faculty and Theology Faculty, education is provided in five different languages, Turkish, English, French, German and Arabic; these qualities make Marmara the only multilingual university in Turkey. Marmara University has rapidly expanded, providing education-training and research activities from 1982 on, in the faculties, institutes, schools and vocational schools and research-implementation centers. In addition to education and training, the University has developed in social services, giving great importance to publishing and consultancy projects; in this century when the industrial society has been replaced by the information society, in keeping with the demands of society, the university has made contributions to the development of man power and technology as needed by the country; the education approach of providing solutions to economic, political, cultural and similar problems of the university has been represented at home and abroad.


Established in 2005 by President Bill Clinton, the Clinton Global Initiative (CGI) convenes global leaders to create and implement innovative solutions to the world's most pressing challenges. CGI Annual Meetings have brought together more than 150 heads of state, 20 Nobel Prize laureates, and hundreds of leading CEOs, heads of foundations and NGOs, major philanthropists, and members of the media. The CGI Annual Meeting is held each September in New York City. CGI also convenes CGI America, a meeting devoted to economic recovery and job creation in the United States, and CGI University (CGI U), which hosts an annual meeting for undergraduate and graduate students who are developing commitments in their communities and around the world.

Career History
Boards & Committees
Chairman, Board of Directors
2018 - Current
Awards & Honors
Rank #28
Foreign Policy magazine - Top 100 Global Thinkers
Rank #48
Forbes Magazine - The World's Most Powerful People
TIME - 100 Most Influential People in the World
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