Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

President of Turkey

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

President of Turkey

Biography

Recep Tayyip Erdogan
Prime Minister, Republic of Turkey

Recep Tayyip Erdogan became prime minister of Turkey on 14 March 2003, five days after winning a by-election in the province of Siirt. The leader of the Justice and Development Party (AKP), Erdogan took over the prime minister's post from his party deputy, Abdullah Gul, who headed the government following the AKP's landslide victory in the November 2002 elections.

Erdogan was born in Rize in northern Turkey on 26 February 1954. He moved with his family to Istanbul in 1967, where he later graduated from Marmara University's College of Business with a degree in management.

Erdogan was elected to a four-year term as mayor of Istanbul in 1994, as a candidate from Necmettin Erbakan's Welfare party. As mayor, Erdogan was credited by the public for improving services, as well as for making the city greener and cleaner. The Constitutional Court banned the Welfare party in 1998 and Erdogan joined the Virtue party, which emerged from the ashes of its outlawed predecessor. Later that year, a court convicted him for inciting religious hatred and sentenced him to ten months in prison, of which he served four months in 1999.

In 2001, the Virtue party was also banned for violating secular laws, and Erdogan formed the AKP in August 2001 to lead it to its triumph in the November 2002 elections.

Although Erdogan was the most popular politician in Turkey at the time of the vote, he was constitutionally barred from running for public office, and thus could not win the parliamentary seat he needed in order to become prime minister. Having won almost 35 per cent of the vote, the AKP was able to form a government on its own as well as gain a comfortable parliamentary majority. Soon after the legislature was in place, AKP lawmakers amended the constitution, clearing Erdogan's path to the prime minister's seat.

Addressing concerns in and outside Turkey that the ascent into power of a party with Islamist roots could pose a threat to the secularist establishment, Erdogan and other party leaders insisted the AKP had no secret religious agenda, and espoused a pro-Western conservative programme. Erdogan identified Turkey's EU entry as a top priority, pledging reforms to make Turkey more democratic and pluralist and bring it in line with the Union's membership criteria. He also vowed commitment to a strict IMF-backed programme to deal with the economic crisis that hit Turkey in 2001.

Two days after Erdogan won his parliamentary seat, Gul resigned to make room for the AKP leader, who was already widely regarded as the country's actual leader.

Turkish President Ahmet Necdet Sezer approved the new cabinet proposed by Erdogan and appointed him prime minister.

Erdogan is married and has four children.

Overview
Career Highlights

Justice and Development Party (Turkey)

RelSci Relationships

175

Number of Boards

1

Birthday

02/26/1954 - Rize, Turkey

Age

65

Number of Awards

4

Relationships
RelSci Relationships are individuals Recep Tayyip Erdoğan likely has professional access to. A relationship does not necessarily indicate a personal connection.

Former President of United States

Relationship likelihood: Strong

Prime Minister of Turkey

Relationship likelihood: Strong

Relationship likelihood: Strong

Former Prime Minister of Turkey

Relationship likelihood: Strong

Deputy Leader at Justice and Development Party (Turkey)

Relationship likelihood: Average

General Manager-Budget & Financial Control at Turkey Ministry of Finance

Relationship likelihood: Average

Deputy Minister of Finance at Turkey Wealth Fund

Relationship likelihood: Average

Member, Board of Directors at Turkey Wealth Fund

Relationship likelihood: Average

Member, Board of Directors at Turkey Wealth Fund

Relationship likelihood: Average

Chief Executive Officer & Director at Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Ziraat Bankasi AS

Relationship likelihood: Average

Paths to Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
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Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
President of Turkey
Family Members
Child-In-Law
Minister of Finance & Treasury at Turkey Ministry of Treasury & Finance

Education
Graduate, Faculty of Economics & Commercial Sciences

Marmara University is one of the oldest educational institutions in Turkey, located in Istanbul

Memberships
Member
Current

Established in 2005 by President Bill Clinton, the Clinton Global Initiative (CGI) convenes global leaders to create and implement innovative solutions to the world's most pressing challenges. CGI Annual Meetings have brought together more than 150 heads of state, 20 Nobel Prize laureates, and hundreds of leading CEOs, heads of foundations and NGOs, major philanthropists, and members of the media. The CGI Annual Meeting is held each September in New York City. CGI also convenes CGI America, a meeting devoted to economic recovery and job creation in the United States, and CGI University (CGI U), which hosts an annual meeting for undergraduate and graduate students who are developing commitments in their communities and around the world.

Career History
Advisors
Advisor
Awards & Honors
Rank #28
2012
Foreign Policy magazine - Top 100 Global Thinkers
Rank #48
2011
Forbes Magazine - The World's Most Powerful People
2010
TIME - 100 Most Influential People in the World
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