Abdullah Gül

Former President of Turkey

Abdullah Gül

Abdullah Gül

Former President of Turkey

Overview
Career Highlights

Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Government of Turkey

RelSci Relationships

85

Number of Boards

1

Birthday

10/29/1950 - Kayseri, NE, Turkey

Age

69

Number of Awards

11

Relationships
RelSci Relationships are individuals Abdullah Gül likely has professional access to. A relationship does not necessarily indicate a personal connection.

Former Minister of Economic Affairs at Government of Turkey

Relationship likelihood: Strong

Relationship likelihood: Strong

Relationship likelihood: Strong

Former Prime Minister of Turkey

Relationship likelihood: Strong

Vice President & Director of Global at The Brookings Institution

Relationship likelihood: Average

Former Interior Minister at Government of Turkey

Relationship likelihood: Average

Faculty Member at Istanbul University

Relationship likelihood: Average

Former Minister of the Economy at Government of Turkey

Relationship likelihood: Average

Minister of Foreign Affairs at Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Relationship likelihood: Average

Minister of Foreign Affairs at Turkey Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Relationship likelihood: Average

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Abdullah Gül
Former President of Turkey
Education
Ph.D.
Class of 1983

Istanbul University was established in 1453 by the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II. However, Richard Honig, a German law historian, who claims that Byzantine and Ottoman traditions could be analyzed together, expressed that the history of Istanbul University can be traced back to March 1, 1321. The university, which was first established in today's main building, was equivalent to Roman universities consisting of schools of medicine, law, philosophy and letters, and is considered to be the pioneer of university education in Istanbul. It was founded as an institution of higher education named the Darülfünûn (House of Multiple Sciences) on July 23, 1846; but the Medrese (Islamic theological school) which was founded immediately after Mehmed II conquered Constantinople (Istanbul) in 1453 is regarded as the precursor to the Darülfünûn which evolved into Istanbul University in 1933. Education in a number of sciences and fields (such as medicine, mathematics, astronomy, cartography, geography, history, philosophy, religion, literature, philology, law, etc.) became available, and, until the 19th century, they were instrumental in educating the ruling cadres of the Ottoman society. However, when the medreses were no longer able to meet the needs of the modern world, a restructuring process began, and as a result, the institutions of higher education called Darülfünûn, the core of Istanbul University, was established. An institution of higher education named the Darülfünûn-u Osmanî (Ottoman House of Sciences) was created in 1863, but suppressed in 1871. Its first rector was Hasan Tahsini, regarded as one of the most important Ottoman scholars of the 19th century. In 1874 the Imperial University (Darülfünûn-u Sultanî) started classes in law in French, but was closed in 1881. The Imperial University, now known as Darülfünûn-u Sahâne was refounded in 1900, with the departments of theology, arts, mathematics, science and philology. In 1924, the faculties of law, medicine, arts and sciences were established in Istanbul University (Istanbul Darülfünûnu), as the university was now called. Islamic theology was added in 1925, but in 1933 the university was reorganized without the latter. The first modern Applied Physics courses were given at the Darülfünûn on 31 December 1863, which marked the beginning of a new period, and on 20 February 1870, the school was renamed as the Darülfünûn-u Osmanî (Ottoman House of Multiple Sciences) and reorganized to meet the needs of modern sciences and technologies. Starting from 1874, some classes of Literature, Law and Applied Sciences were given at the building of Galatasaray High School, which continued regularly until 1881. On 1 September 1900, the school was renamed and reorganized as the Darülfünûn-u Sahâne (Imperial House of Multiple Sciences) with courses on Mathematics, Literature and Theology. On 20 April 1912, the school was renamed as the Istanbul Darülfünûnu (Istanbul House of Multiple Sciences) while the number of courses were increased and the curricula were modernized with the establishment of the Schools of Medicine, Law, Applied Sciences (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics), Literature and Theology. On 21 April 1924, the Republic of Turkey recognized the Istanbul Darülfünûnu as a state school, and on 7 October 1925, the administrative autonomy of Istanbul Darülfünûnu was recognized while the Schools (within the old Medrese system) became modern Faculties. On 1 August 1933, Istanbul Darülfünûnu was reorganized as Istanbul Üniversitesi (Istanbul University) following the educational reforms of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. Classes officially began on 1 November 1933. The university has seventeen faculties on five campuses; the main campus being on Beyazit Square, which was originally built by Constantine the Great as the Forum Tauri and was later enlarged by Theodosius the Great as the Forum of Theodosius during the Roman period. The main campus building with its landmark gate was previously used as the headquarters of the Harbiye Nezareti (Ministry of War) by the Ottoman government. Located on the grounds is the Beyazit Tower, a 85 m (279 ft) tall fire-watch tower. The grounds were previously the location of the Ottoman era Eski Saray (Old Palace). Some Roman and Byzantine ruins are still visible on the grounds. The university has a teaching staff of 2,000 professors and associates and 4,000 assistants and younger staff. More than 60,000 undergraduate and 8,000 postgraduate students follow the courses offered by Istanbul University every year. The main gate was depicted on the reverse of the Turkish 500 lira banknotes of 1971–1984.

Career History
President
Prior - 2014
Foreign Minister
2003 - 2007
Minister of State
1996 - Prior
Boards & Committees
Awards & Honors
2014
TIME - 100 Most Influential People in the World
2010
University of Dhaka
2010
Quaid-i-Azam University
Events
Attendee
Chicago, IL, United States
2012 NATO Chicago Summit

Attendee
Portugal
2010 NATO Lisbon Summit

Attendee
Strasbourg, France
2009 NATO Strasbourg-Hekl Summit

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