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Japan school boards start to rethink 'black rules' on everything from undwerwear to protesting

Nov 09, 2019 - The Japan Times

Tomohiro Osaki

More and more municipalities in Japan are scrambling to amend or abolish what are widely criticized as draconian school rules long imposed on students, heralding a rethink of a long-standing teaching culture that has prized conformity and docility.

In the latest example, the board of education in Gifu Prefecture has run a sweeping review of rules upheld by high schools under its jurisdiction. Such rules, known as , typically refer to internal codes of conduct that each...