Scopus Asset Management's funds employ substantially similar investment strategies. The funds seek to achieve superior returns through capital appreciation by investing, long and short, in common stocks and derivatives linked to US equity markets. Their strategy involves extensive fundamental research and bottom-up financial analysis to identify investments that are materially undervalued, or overvalued, by the marketplace. Scopus may seek to reduce risk through a variety of risk management practices, including adjusting market and sector exposure, reviewing investment liquidity and performing regular portfolio monitoring and review. In addition, Scopus may employ leverage, to varying degrees, on behalf of the funds. ^^Scopus' investment approach combines value analysis with anticipation of improving fundamentals and growth opportunities that are typically overlooked or not fully understood and appreciated by the market, including prospects for accelerating revenue and earnings growth, cyclical improvements in the company’s industry or product cycle and opportunities for turnaround and restructuring. Scopus looks for specific catalysts that will lead the market toward what they perceive as the company’s true value and seek to identify compelling reasons for each investment to perform within the objective of superior returns. Scopus uses earnings models to further analyze investments and combines the model results with analysis of industry projections.^^Portfolios generally consists of long and short positions in common stocks of US companies and derivative instruments linked to US equity markets, such as options, warrants, convertible securities, forward contracts and swaps. Investments may also include preferred stocks, hybrid securities, fixed-income securities (corporate and governmental), debt securities, indices, REITs and other real estate related securities, and other instruments deemed appropriate for the client’s objectives, including hedging strategies.