Harris Associates uses a value investment philosophy in selecting equity and equity-like securities of U.S. and non-U.S. issuers. This investment philosophy is based upon the belief that, over time, a company’s stock price converges with the company’s intrinsic or true business value. The firm's investment philosophy spans across large, mid and small cap companies. In addition, in connection with certain investment strategies that have direct or indirect foreign currency exposure, Harris may hedge a client’s exposure to such currencies. The firm's discretionary investment advisory services include a variety of investment strategies from which clients may select. These strategies include U.S. equity, U.S. concentrated equity, U.S. mid cap equity, balanced, equity and income, global all cap equity, global equity, global concentrated equity, international equity, international small cap equity, and Japan equity. Harris also provides variations of certain of these strategies to accommodate, among other things, currency hedging or country exclusions. The firm also provides U.S. equity and balanced portfolios to private clients. In connection with their balanced and equity and income strategies, Harris provides investment advice regarding a wide range of debt securities issued by U.S. and non-U.S. governments, government-sponsored entities, municipalities, international agencies and corporations. The debt securities portion of the balanced and equity and income strategies should, in Harris’ opinion, complement the strategies’ equity holdings. Harris aims for preservation of capital and generation of income in the debt portion of the strategies. In general, Harris selects what they believe are debt securities of high quality (typically U.S. Treasury and Agency securities, non-U.S. government securities, or highly-rated municipal and corporate securities) and short-to-intermediate maturities. Harris may also invest in medium and lower-grade debt securities.